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Common Plants Toxic to Dogs and Cats

LILIES
Unknown Toxin compound in Lilium and Hemerocallis spp. The entire plant in toxic. Cats are exceptionally susceptible to toxicity.
Symptoms include- vomiting and often contains pieces of lily and signs associated with kidney failure including disinterest in food, depression, vomiting and no urination.
Seek Veterinary treatment immediately.
 
MARIJUANA
Toxin-Delta 9 THC
Symptoms- Ingestion of Cannabis sativa by companion animals can result in depression of the central nervous system and in-coordination, drowsiness or excitation as well as vomiting, diarrhoea, drooling, increased heart rate and even seizures and coma.
Seek Veterinary care for symptomatic care.
 
CYCLAMEN
Toxin- Terpenoid saponins. All parts of the plant are toxic, however the highest concentration of the toxin is in the root portion of the plant.
Symptoms- significant gastrointestinal irritation, including intense vomiting and diarrhoea. Fatalities have also been reported due to heart rhythm abnormalities and seizures.
Seek veterinary attention for symptomatic care, seek attention immediately if the bulb has been ingested.
 
SAGO PALM
Toxin- Cycasin- all parts of cycas revoluta are poisonous, but the seeds or nuts contain the largest amount of toxin. The ingestion of just one or two seeds can result in very serious effects.
Symptoms- vomiting, diarrhoea, black or bloody stools, bruising, yellow discolouration to skin, seizures and liver failure.
Seek veterinary attention immediately
 
TULIP/ NARCISSUS BULBS
Toxin- Tulipalin A and B. The bulb portions of the Tulipa/Narcissus spp. contain the highest portions of the toxins.
Symptoms include intense gastrointestinal irritation causing drooling, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhoea, depression of the central nervous system, convulsions and cardiac abnormalities.
Seek veterinary attention for symptomatic care.
 
AZALEA/ RHODODENDRON
Toxin- Grayantoxin
Symtoms include vomiting, drooling, diarrhoea, weakness, loss of coordination and depression of the central nervous system. Severe poisoning could ultimately lead to coma and death from cardiovascular collapse.
Seek veterinary attention for symptomatic care.
 
OLEANDER
Toxin- Cardiac glycosides- all parts of the Nerium Oleander are toxic
Symptoms include gastrointestinal tract irritation causing drooling, vomiting, diarrhoea-may be bloody, hypothermia, and even death from abnormal heart function.
Seek veterinary attention immediately
 
CHRYSANTHEMUM
Toxin- Pyrethrins
Symptoms include drooling, vomiting and diarrhoea, depression and loss of coordination
Seek veterinary attention for symptomatic care
 
PEACE LILY/POTHOS/SCHEFFLERA
Toxin- Insoulble calcium oxalates
Symptoms- if chewed or ingested can cause significant irritation of the mouth leading to drooling, vomiting and difficulty swallowing.
Seek veterinary care for symptomatic care
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