Melbourne Pet Ambulance - 0413599321
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Caffeine-Theobromine (Chocolate) Toxicity
Common Plants Toxic to Dogs and Cats
Heat Stoke
Manuka Wound Gel
Parvovirus
Scientific Cat Litter
Snake Bite Envenomation
Update
Well Wishes
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Common Plants Toxic to Dogs and Cats

LILIES
Unknown Toxin compound in Lilium and Hemerocallis spp. The entire plant in toxic. Cats are exceptionally susceptible to toxicity.
Symptoms include- vomiting and often contains pieces of lily and signs associated with kidney failure including disinterest in food, depression, vomiting and no urination.
Seek Veterinary treatment immediately.
 
MARIJUANA
Toxin-Delta 9 THC
Symptoms- Ingestion of Cannabis sativa by companion animals can result in depression of the central nervous system and in-coordination, drowsiness or excitation as well as vomiting, diarrhoea, drooling, increased heart rate and even seizures and coma.
Seek Veterinary care for symptomatic care.
 
CYCLAMEN
Toxin- Terpenoid saponins. All parts of the plant are toxic, however the highest concentration of the toxin is in the root portion of the plant.
Symptoms- significant gastrointestinal irritation, including intense vomiting and diarrhoea. Fatalities have also been reported due to heart rhythm abnormalities and seizures.
Seek veterinary attention for symptomatic care, seek attention immediately if the bulb has been ingested.
 
SAGO PALM
Toxin- Cycasin- all parts of cycas revoluta are poisonous, but the seeds or nuts contain the largest amount of toxin. The ingestion of just one or two seeds can result in very serious effects.
Symptoms- vomiting, diarrhoea, black or bloody stools, bruising, yellow discolouration to skin, seizures and liver failure.
Seek veterinary attention immediately
 
TULIP/ NARCISSUS BULBS
Toxin- Tulipalin A and B. The bulb portions of the Tulipa/Narcissus spp. contain the highest portions of the toxins.
Symptoms include intense gastrointestinal irritation causing drooling, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhoea, depression of the central nervous system, convulsions and cardiac abnormalities.
Seek veterinary attention for symptomatic care.
 
AZALEA/ RHODODENDRON
Toxin- Grayantoxin
Symtoms include vomiting, drooling, diarrhoea, weakness, loss of coordination and depression of the central nervous system. Severe poisoning could ultimately lead to coma and death from cardiovascular collapse.
Seek veterinary attention for symptomatic care.
 
OLEANDER
Toxin- Cardiac glycosides- all parts of the Nerium Oleander are toxic
Symptoms include gastrointestinal tract irritation causing drooling, vomiting, diarrhoea-may be bloody, hypothermia, and even death from abnormal heart function.
Seek veterinary attention immediately
 
CHRYSANTHEMUM
Toxin- Pyrethrins
Symptoms include drooling, vomiting and diarrhoea, depression and loss of coordination
Seek veterinary attention for symptomatic care
 
PEACE LILY/POTHOS/SCHEFFLERA
Toxin- Insoulble calcium oxalates
Symptoms- if chewed or ingested can cause significant irritation of the mouth leading to drooling, vomiting and difficulty swallowing.
Seek veterinary care for symptomatic care

Scientific Cat Litter-

If you haven't yet heard of Scientific Professional Cat Litter, you soon will. This litter is significantly different from other brands on the market, This Cat Litter is environmentally-friendly, with an additional health benefit for cats and owners.
Scientific Cat Litter is lightweight and bio-clumpable; it can even tell you when your cat is sick with a possible urinary infection. Scientific Professional serves as an early detection indicator for Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) with a patented sickness-indicating, color-change reactor in the litter.
Millions of cats are diagnosed with urinary tract infections each year. If not detected early, these infections can quickly become severe and even cause death. This sickness-indicating cat litter is the only known non-prescription cat litter on the market that alerts pet owners to seek veterinarian assistance to prevent serious feline illness.Scientific Professional's patented sickness-indicating, color-change reactor is a controlled, six-patented factor which detects the pH level of a cat's urine and indicates whether urinary tract infection is present. The less acidic a cat's urine, the more susceptible he/she is to forming stones or crystals in the urinary tract. The color of the litter changes to varying shades of pale pink to magenta when the pH in a cat's urine is abnormal. The darker the shade of pink, the more serious the problem may be.
 
Scientific cat litter can be used as an everyday litter, or can be used as a check-up by being placed in the litter tray for between five to seven consecutive days each month. But do not mix cat litters.
 
For purchase call 0413599321
 
Cost 1 bag $20  5 bags $15each

Manuka Wound Gel

Manuka Wound Gel is a safe and natural way to help heal pets open wounds. 80% of the product consists of honey from the Leptospermum sp plant, better known as Manuka Honey. This honey is the most globally studied and used type in the medical and healing environment. Provided by Melcare, who have an extensive history in the development of human grade healing products, the Australian made Manuka Wiund Gel is the natural solution to caring for pets wounds.
 
BENEFITS
*Provides the right microenvironment for healing wounds thru the renowned natural properties of honey.
*Does not aggravate open wounds and reduces discomfort to the pet.
*The Gel can be used safely on acute, surgical, chronic or overly pungent wounds.
*Helps deaderise the wound and protect it from fly strike.
*The honey and hydrocolloids reacts once applied to the wound to create a non-permeable barrier against bacteria and contamination
*Ensures a clean environment free of contamination to initiate the healing process.
*Ensures that all of the aniti bacterial, anti viral and anti fungal health benefits of the honey is maintained.
 
Comes in two sizes- 250g Tub and 30g tube
Available thru some vets or call 0413599321

Caffeine , Theobromine poisoning

Caffeine and theobromine are alkaloids of plant origin found in a variety of foods, beverages, dietary supplements and over the counter products. Intoxication of animals most often occurs following the ingestion of chocolate (containing primarily theobromine, but also caffeine), caffeine containing dietary supplements or over the counter stimulant tablets. Less frequently, dogs have reportedly been intoxicated following the ingestion of coco bean shells used as mulch for plants.
The Theobromine content of chocolate varies, with unsweetened baking chocolate containing 1360-1600mg/100g and milk chocolate containing 155-212mg/100g. The lethal doses of caffeine and theobromine for dogs vary from 110-200mg/kg and 100-250mg/kg, respectively.Most cases of intoxication occur in dogs. Dogs may be predisposed to intoxication from theobromine due to slower metabolism. The half life of theobromine in dogs is approximately 17.5 hours compared to 6-10 hours in humans.
Signs initially are restlessness, hyperactivity, behavioural abnormalities and emesis. Signs progress rapidly to panting, tachycardia, weakness, ataxia, diuresis, diarrhoea, hyperexcitability, severe hyperactivity, muscle tremors, hyperthermia and clonic seizures.
Your dog should be taken to your closest veterinary clinic as soon as possible.

UPDATE

Melbourne Pet Ambulance will commence Full Time operation in March 2012. I am in the process of organising Oxygen and the equipment needed for this. Oxygen is a life savour for many patients while in transport - but very expensive to set up. I am not a registered not for profit organisation, i am a private business but would appreciate any donations for necessary improvements- Sign writing will cost  $1300 The oxygen set up $1000. If you would like to become a sponsor your details can be added to my signwriting on the van to increase your business advertising and your details on my website. Thankyou in advance.

Parvovirus

 Please vaccinate your puppies- Canine Parvovirus
This causes two distinct disease syndromes in dogs
1. Acute myocarditis, which occurs in puppies
2.Acute gastroenteritis

... This disease can remain viable off the host for up to one year, facilitating spread of infectionby indirect contact. The virus resists many of the established disinfectants such as phenols and quanternary ammonium compounds but is destroyed by hypochlorite and formalin. Large numbers of virus particles are shed in the faeces of infected dogs and constitute the main source of infection for other dogs. Transmission of disease may occur either by direct or indirect contact between a suscepible dog and an infected dog or faecal contamination.

Following ingestion, the virus replicates in the local lymph nodes and induces a viraemia within 3-5 days following infection. The virus targets rapidly dividing cells in which to replicate , in particular those in the intestine, lymphoid tissue, myocardium and bone marrow- results in immunosuppression.

Treatment can be successful but has a very guarded prognosis. Cage rest, diuretics and nutritional support, for enteric requires intensive intravenous fluid therapy. Where the dog is shocked whole blood or plasma expanders should be considered.Antiemetics should be used. Once vomiting has ceased careful introduction of oral fluids may be attempted, small amounts of low-fat veterinary diets may be provided.

For nursing- cleaning the contaminated areas using modern parvocidal disinfectants. Isolate the case and strict hygeine to prevent spread, proventative clothing should be used when handling these dogs, gloves should be worn at all times, seperate food and water bowls should also be used.

Parvovirus can be prevented all dogs should be vaccinated and for those puppies going thru the vaccination course they should not be allowed near other unvaccinated dogs, near parks or beaches where areas have been contaminated by other dogs.

I hope this was helpful.

Snake Bite and your pet

Muscular Paralysis is the dominant clinical sign in all serious and fatal cases.
The paralysis is usually of the ascending type, first affecting the hind quarters and then progressing to complete paralysis.
Although Paralysis clearly aids the diagnosis, it is the earlier signs which are especially valuable. In Dogs and Cats, dilated pupils with absent or reduced pupiliary light reflex appear to be an early and most important (Although Variable) sign that significant envenomation has occurred. Only in severely envenomated cases may paralysis occasionally be seen before pupillary dilation.
The severity of illness will vary from animal to animal and snake bite can produce diverse clinical signs. Any or all of these signs may be observed-
Trembling, Vomiting, Salivation (absent in cats), defecation, ataxia (weakness ), dialted pupils, slow or absent pupillary light reflexes, respiratory distress, shallow or abdominal respiration, hindquarter weakness, pale gums, jaundice, bleeding from bite wound.

Heat Stroke an your Dog

Heat Stroke can occur in minutes on a hot, humid day and may prove fatal if not treated promptly.
Heat stroke occurs when your dog is no longer able to maintain his normal body temperature. When the temperature rises your dogs internal organs will start t breakdown, and if not cooled quickly he could die.
Dogs regulate their temperature primarily through panting, on hot or humis days they are unable to cool their bodies effectively, and as a result their body temperature rises rapidly.
 
Symptoms
 
Excessive panting, pale gums, Bright red tongue, Disorientation, Increased heart Rate, Thick Saliva, Vomiting, Breathing Difficulties, Collapse
 
Heat stroke often occurs because a dog is confined in a car or kennel or taken for a walk in hot or humid days.
 
Remove the animal from the heat source and cool with tepid water never cold water and take your dog to the vet quickly for assessment and treatment.
 

Merry Christmas

Melbourne Pet Ambulance would like to wish you a Merry Christmas and I hope it is a safe one for your families.
 
I look forward to assisting you in 2011
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